Department of Archaeology & Museums, Haryana is a premier department came into existence in the
shape of a cell under the
Control of Education department in the year 1969 and as an independent
department in the year 1972
with a small staff and meager budget.
nature of functioning of this department is technical. It
conducts archaeological excavation
and conservation of
Proto-historical, medieval and historical
monuments, sites and remains from the research point of view on the one hand and
excavated sites and explorations of the districts, booklets, folders
organizes exhibitions including
activities and prepares
replicas of ancient sculptures for sale to acquaint researches and general
public with their rich ancient heritage on the other.
The functions and activities of the department are regulated under the
following State and Central Acts and Rules framed therein:-
The Punjab ancient and Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites and
Act-1964 (State Act)
The Antiquities and Art Treasures Act 1972 (Central Act)
The Indian Treasures Trove Act- 1878(Central Act)
The Ancient and Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites and
The budget provision for
the year 2016-2017 of this department is Rs. 1 Crore 7 Lakh 60 Thousand on
Rs. 25 Crore 17 Lakh 30 Thousand on plan
side under the following plan scheme:-
Archaeological Excavation/ Exploration programme.
Protection/ preservation and Development of Ancient Monuments/ sites.
Publication/ Publicity programs- Information Technology
Preparation of Plaster Casts Ancient sculptures/ antiquities.
Setting up of Zonal Museum.
Setting up of State Archaeological Museum.
Department has declared 30 monuments/sites as State Protected Monument/Sites. It
also has five zonal museums namely – Jayanti Archaeological Museum, Jind;
Museum in Jahaj Kothi, Hisar; Guru Tegbahadur Samarak
Museum, Barh Khalsa, Rai, Sonepat; Guru Govind Singh Marshal Art Museum
at Kapalmochan, Yamuna Nagar; Deen Bandhu Sir
Chhotu Ram Samark Museum, Rohtak and one Site Museum at Bhima Devi Temple,
Pinjore. These Museums and Monuments/Sites are being maintained under “The
Punjab Ancient Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act,
Museum & Interpretation Centre at Village Rakhi-Garhi, District Hisar, will
be setup by the Department. For this purpose 5 acres 2 kanal and 10 marla land
has already been transferred by the village Panchayat, Rakhi-Khas (District
Hisar) to the Department. The lay-out plan of Museum & Interpretation Centre
has received from Chief Architect Haryana. Hon’ble C.M has launched the
construction of Site Museum and Interpretation Centre at Rakhi Garhi on
01.03.2016. This Site Museum –cum- Interpretation Centre at Rakhigarhi
displaying all the artifacts relating to Harappan Civilization discovered in
various sites in Haryana over the years
Omanand Sarswati Puratatva Sangrahalya at Gurukul Jhajjar will also be
constructed by Govt. on the land donated by Gurukul, Jhajjar in which rare
antiquities and the priceless artifacts of the collection of Gurukul Jhajjar
will be displayed.
Background of Haryana
is the region where, along the banks of the River Saraswati, the Vedic
Civilization began and matured. It was here that the Vedas were written, as the
Aryans chanted their sacred Mantras. Replete with myths and legends, Haryana's
5000 year old history is steeped in glory. Mahabharat knows Haryana as
Bahudhhanyaka, land of plentiful grains and Bahudhana, the land of immense
riches. The word Hariana, occurs in a 1328 AD Sanskrit inscription kept in the
Delhi Museum, which refers to the Haryana region as The heaven on earth.
and Explorations of various archeological sites in Haryana, like Naurangabad and
Mittathal in Bhiwani, Kunal in Fatehbad, Agroha near Hissar, Rakhi Garhi
(Rakhigarhi) in Jind, Sites in Rukhi (Rohtak) and Banawali in Sirsa have
evidence of pre-Harappan and Harappan culture. Findings of ceramics, terracotta
objects, sculptures and ornaments from different sites at Pehowa, Kurukshetra,
Yamunanagar, Panchkula, Satkumbha and Panipat have proved its historicity.
Haryana has been the scene of many wars because of it being "The Gateway of North India". As years rolled by, successive streams of Huns, Turks and the Afghans invaded India and decisive battles were fought on this land. After the downfall of the Gupta empire in the middle of 6th century AD north India was again split into several kingdoms. The Huns established their supremacy over the Punjab. It was after this period that one of the greatest King of ancient India, Harshvardhan began his rule. He became the King of Thanesar (Kurukshetra) in 606 AD, and later went on to rule the most of north India. In the 14th century, the Tomar kings led an army through this region to Delhi.
the Mughal, Babur, defeated the Lodhis in the first battle of Panipat in the
year 1526. Another decisive battle was fought in Panipat in 1556, establishing
the reign of the Mughals for centuries to come. Taking advantage of Humayun's
death, Hemu had marched to Agra and Delhi and occupied it without difficulty. In
response, Bairam Khan (Akbar's guardian) marched towards Delhi. Both the armies
clashed in the second battle of Panipat. Hemu was in a winning position when a
stray arrow struck him in the eye. He fell unconscious causing panic among his
troops. The tide of the battle turned and the Mughals won the battle. Towards
the middle of the 18th century, the Marathas had control over Haryana. The
intrusion of Ahmed Shah Durrani in India, culminated in the third battle of
Panipat in 1761. Marathas' defeat in this battle marked the end of their
ascendancy and the decline of the Mughal Empire, leading to the advent of the